Promoters & Preservers of Sindhyat

Promoters & Preservers of Sindhyat

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(Late) Mangharam Udharam Malkani

Name (Late) Mangharam Udharam Malkani
Date of Birth : Hyderabad, Sind (Pakistan).
Place of Birth : 24.12.1896
Academic Attainments          : B.A. (Hons.)
Permanent Residential
: C/o Rita Shahani,
7 Floriana Estate, Boat Club Rd,
Pune - 411 001
Occupation/ Profession : Retd. Lecturer,  Jai Hind 
College,   Mumbai

Significant Literary Achievements/ Contributions :

As Writer :
1.    ‘Adabi Usool’ (Literary principles), Essays, 1950.
2.    ‘Jeevan Chahchita’ (Scenes or episodes of life), Plays, 1957.
3.    ‘Khur Khubeeta Piya Timkan’ (Fire flies sparkle) Plays, 1967.
4.    ‘Sindhi Nasur Jee Tarekh’ (History of Sindhi Prose), 1968.
5.    ‘Akhreen Bheta’  (The last offering), Plays, 1975.

As Dramatist :    
He produced among others the following Sindhi plays, which became quite popular:
1.    ‘Pap Jo Keeto’ (Fruits of sin).                                        
2.    ‘Nakhalaf Putr’ (Disobedient son).                   
3.    ‘Aulad’ (Kin)                                                      
4.    ‘Preet Ji Reet’ (The way  of love).                                  
5.    ‘Tea Party’.                                                        
6.    ‘Samund Ji Gajgor’ (Roar of the ocean).
7.    ‘Kurro Kalank’ (The blame).
8.    ‘Melap’ (Union). 

Recognition By Way Of Award/ Honours :

During his lifetime, Shri Malkani received several Awards/ Honours.  We are however, unable to trace the record except the following:
•    Award for his book ‘Sindhi Nasur Jee Tarikh’, 1969 (At New Delhi by Sahitya Akademi, Ministry of HRD, Govt. of India).

Additional Information :

i)    Shri Malkani was considered to be one of the best Dramatist and father of Modern Sindhi One Act Play.
ii)   His most important contribution to Sindhi literature was his effort to bring Sindhi writers together under ‘Sindhi Adabi Mandal’.

       He expired in December 1980.

Finale :

Late Prof. Mangharam Malkani was a towering and fatherly figure of Sindhi literature of the 20th Century.  Socially he had a ‘zamindari’ background, but the love of his language attracted him to literature.  He abandoned his ancestral vocation and adopted noble profession of teaching.  He took up a job of a lecturer in English at the D.J. Sindh College, Karachi.  This provided him time and opportunity to take to writing.

He wrote short plays in Sindhi, many of them were staged in Sind and afterwards in India.  These plays have been brought out into compilations during his lifetime in India.

Please note Sindhisangat has uploaded the entire book on the website as per discussion with the Mr Bhagwan Bhagchandani.